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A paper has been published as a “Hot Paper” in Dalton for the work on Co-precipitation of celestite (SrSO4) and strontianite (SrCO3) with Eu(III) and Cm (III).

Discriminating factors affecting incorporation: comparison of the fate of Eu3+-Cm3+ in the Sr carbonate–sulfate system


The aim of this work is to assess the effect of ligand strength, symmetry, and coordination number on solid solution formation of trivalent actinides and lanthanides in carbonate and sulfate minerals. This is of particular importance in radionuclide migration where trivalent actinides such as Pu, Am, and Cm are responsible for the majority of radiotoxicity after 1000 years. Time-resolved laser fluorescence spectroscopy was used to study trace concentrations of the dopant ion after interaction with the mineral phase. This study expands on previous work with aragonite and gypsum where it was found that aragonite incorporates Eu3+ and Cm3+ while only surface sorption is observed in gypsum. This study uses isostructural minerals strontianite (SrCO3) and celestite (SrSO4) to decouple the effect of structure from that due to the anion. It is demonstrated that while distribution coefficients can predict the amount of dopant ion associated with the mineral phase, they do not have any correlation with solid solution formation. This substitution mechanism is most likely dictated by the symmetry of the site being substituted and the electronic structure of the dopant atom.


Kiel Holliday, Aurélie Chagneau, Moritz Schmidt, Francis Claret, Thorsten Schäfer and Thorsten Stumpf

Reference for citation

Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 3642-3647
DOI: 10.1039/C2DT12425D

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